Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery

Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery

What is minimally invasive heart surgery?

    Minimally invasive heart surgery refers to a surgical approach that utilizes smaller incisions and specialized techniques to perform cardiac procedures, as opposed to traditional open-heart surgery which involves a larger incision through the breastbone (sternotomy) to access the heart. Minimally invasive heart surgery aims to reduce trauma to the chest and facilitate a quicker recovery for the patient. This type of surgery often means less pain and a quicker recovery for many people.

    While not suitable for all patients or all types of heart conditions, it offers a valuable alternative for many individuals, promoting a less invasive and more patient-friendly approach to cardiac care.

    Types of minimally invasive heart surgery

    There are two categories of minimally invasive heart surgery:

    Robotic-assisted surgery:

    During this procedure, your surgeon operates robotic arms through small incisions on the side of your chest between the ribs. Equipped with a camera, the robot provides a clear view of your heart, allowing precise navigation.

    Thoracoscopic surgery:

    In this approach, your surgeon inserts a long tube and camera, known as a thoracoscope, through a small incision between your ribs to visualize your heart. The procedure is carried out using long, thin tools inserted through the same or additional incisions.

    Benefits of minimally invasive heart surgery

    Less invasive heart procedures offer several advantages, including:

    Reduced post-surgery pain:

    Patients experience less discomfort following the procedure.

    Lower risk of infection:

    The minimized invasiveness contributes to a decreased risk of postoperative infections.

    Less blood loss:

    These procedures result in reduced blood loss compared to traditional approaches.

    More minor, inconspicuous scars:

    The incisions made are more minor, leading to less visible scars.

    Improved recovery times and shorter hospital stays:

    Patients benefit from quicker recovery and shorter hospitalization periods.

    Fewer physical restrictions post-surgery:

    Patients encounter fewer limitations on physical activities after undergoing less invasive heart procedures.

    Procedure Details


    Preparing for minimally invasive heart surgery involves following instructions provided by your surgeon, which may include a temporary cessation of certain medications. During the procedure, you will be administered general anaesthesia to ensure you remain asleep throughout. If necessary, a small area of hair may be shaved where the incisions will be made. To maintain blood circulation during the operation, your surgical team will connect you to a heart-lung machine.


    In the course of minimally invasive heart surgery, a cardiac surgeon will:

    44. Create one or more small incisions on the side of your chest.

    45. Introduce small surgical tools or robotic arms through these incisions.

    46. Navigate the tools between your ribs to access your heart.

    47. Perform heart repair, valve replacement, device placement, or tumour removal.

    48. Close the incisions using stitches.


    Following minimally invasive heart surgery, a typical recovery process involves spending one to two days in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Drainage tubes may be utilized in your chest to prevent fluid accumulation around the heart.

    Subsequently, you will continue recovery in another hospital area. The surgical team will assist you in standing up and walking within a day or two of the surgery. Breathing exercises may be recommended to prevent fluid accumulation in the lungs. Generally, individuals remain in the hospital for a few days, depending on the specific condition and type of surgery.

    Speak to our experts about minimally invasive heart surgery

    If you want to learn more about minimally invasive heart surgery, speak directly to one of our experts. They can provide personalized information, answer your questions, and address any concerns you may have. To connect with our minimally invasive heart surgery expert, please contact our cardiac care team.

    Our expert will gladly discuss the benefits, risks, and details of minimally invasive heart surgery. Whether you're exploring treatment options or seeking more information about your condition, our team is dedicated to providing comprehensive and compassionate care.

    Feel free to contact us at your convenience, and we look forward to assisting you on your journey to better heart health.


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