What is constipation?

    Constipation refers to a condition characterized by infrequent or uncomfortable bowel movements. Typically, it is identified when bowel movements produce small amounts of hard, dry stool, occurring fewer than three times a week. However, the frequency of regular stool elimination varies from person to person, ranging from three times a day to three times a week. Therefore, what constitutes everyday bowel habits can differ from individual to individual.

What are the causes of constipation?

    When the colon absorbs excessive water, it can lead to the formation of hard, dry stools. In the normal digestive process, water absorption occurs as food progresses through the colon, forming stool or waste products. Subsequently, muscular contractions propel the stool towards the rectum, where most of the water has been absorbed, solidifying the stool.

    However, when the colon's muscle contractions become slow or sluggish, stool movement through the colon is delayed, causing excessive water absorption.

    Several common factors contribute to constipation, including:

    1. Medications

    2. Lack of physical activity

    3. Inadequate fluid intake

    4. Insufficient dietary fibre

    5. Irritable bowel syndrome

    6. Ignoring the urge to defecate

    7. Changes in lifestyle or habits, such as travel, pregnancy, or ageing

    8. Intestinal function issues

    9. Excessive use of laxatives

What are the symptoms of constipation?

    The typical symptoms of constipation can vary from person to person, but they often include:

  • Difficulty and discomfort during bowel movements
  • Having fewer than three bowel movements per week
  • Sensations of bloating or discomfort
  • Feeling sluggish or lethargic
  • Abdominal pain

    It's important to note that the symptoms of constipation may resemble those of other medical conditions. Therefore, it's essential to consult a doctor for an accurate diagnosis.

When to see a doctor?

    If you experience constipation along with any of the following conditions, it's advisable to schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider:

  • Symptoms persist for more than three weeks.
  • Symptoms hindering everyday activities.
  • Rectal bleeding or blood on toilet tissue.
  • Blood in stools or black stools.
  • Unusual changes in stool colour or shape.
  • Persistent stomach pain.
  • Unintended weight loss.
  • Book an appointment now to get the finest treatments of constipation.

Enquiry Form


mobile app