Varicose veins are a common condition characterized by swollen and enlarged veins, typically found on the legs and feet. These veins can appear blue or dark purple and are often lumpy, bulging, or twisted.
The initial treatment approach for varicose veins typically involves implementing lifestyle changes and using compression stockings. However, in some instances, a medical procedure may be necessary. Your doctor may recommend this option if your varicose veins result in severe pain, skin problems, or blood clots. Additionally, some individuals undergo procedures to enhance the appearance of their legs.
Important factors related to surgery:
The decision regarding the most suitable procedure for treating your varicose veins will involve considering several factors. These include:
- Age and overall health: Your age and overall health will be considered to determine your most appropriate procedure.
- The extent of varicose veins: The severity and extent of your varicose veins will be evaluated to determine the most effective treatment option.
- Symptoms: The presence and severity of your symptoms, such as pain, swelling, or skin problems, will be considered in selecting the appropriate procedure.
- Suitability for specific procedures: The doctor at Apex Hospitals will assess how well you might respond to specific procedures based on your circumstances and medical history.
- Personal goals and preferences: Your goals, concerns, and opinions about your appearance and well-being will be considered when deciding on a treatment approach.
- Long-term outlook: The doctor will discuss the expected progression of your condition in the future and how different procedures may address potential complications.
If you have any concerns or questions about the procedures that involve anaesthesia, such as local anaesthesia or general anaesthesia, it is essential to discuss them with the doctor at Apex Hospitals. The procedures to treat varicose veins can be categorized into two main types: those that close the veins and those that completely remove them. The choice of procedure will depend on the specific characteristics of your varicose veins and your circumstances.
Ways to close Varicose Veins
When closing off a varicose vein, the blood flow redirects to other healthier veins, causing the treated vein to fade away. There are several procedures available to achieve this, including:
- Sclerotherapy: The doctor at Apex Hospitals injects a solution into the vein, which induces scarring and forces blood to reroute through healthier veins. The surrounding tissue gradually absorbs the collapsed vein. Sclerotherapy can be performed in a doctor's office. Multiple treatments, spaced 4 to 6 weeks apart, may be necessary to completely close the vein. The procedure is generally discomforting due to tiny needle pricks during the injections. Compression stockings are usually recommended for a few weeks after each treatment.
- Micro sclerotherapy: Similar to sclerotherapy, this procedure utilizes a smaller needle to treat smaller varicose veins.
- Laser therapy: High-intensity bursts of light are used to close off the vein without making any cuts or using needles. This technique is typically employed for smaller varicose veins.
- Endovenous ablation therapy: A laser or radio waves are used to close the varicose vein in this treatment. The procedure is performed while the patient is awake. First, the area around the vein is numbed, followed by a small incision through which a thin tube is inserted. The tube contains a device that applies heat using laser or radio waves to seal the vein. Most individuals only experience the injection of the numbing agent. After the procedure, a compression bandage is applied to the leg.
- Endoscopic vein surgery involves using a small camera on a tiny tube. The doctor guides the tube into the vein through a small incision and employs a surgical device at the end to close the vein. Endoscopic vein surgery is typically reserved for cases where varicose veins cause severe skin ulcers. Recovery time is generally a couple of weeks before returning to normal activities.
The specific procedure recommended for you will depend on factors such as the size and location of the varicose veins, your overall health, and your doctor's preferences.
Ways to remove Varicose Veins
You and the Apex Hospitals doctors may determine that removing your varicose veins is the most suitable approach. There are two procedures commonly used for this purpose:
- Ambulatory phlebectomy: This procedure is less complex and is employed to remove varicose veins located close to your skin's surface. Your doctor will administer local anaesthesia to numb the area and then make small incisions through which the veins are removed. You will typically remain awake during the procedure and can usually return home on the same day.
- Vein stripping and ligation: This approach is reserved for more severe cases of varicose veins. You will receive general anaesthesia, ensuring you are not awake during the procedure.
Your doctor will make incisions in your skin, tie off the affected veins, and remove them. The saphenous vein is preserved whenever possible, as it may be needed for future heart bypass surgery. Depending on the specific circumstances, you may be able to go home on the same day as the surgery. Recovery time can vary from 1 to 4 weeks.
Your journey towards healthier legs starts with personalized care at Apex Hospitals. Our experienced team will provide tailored treatments and support to ensure you receive the best outcome for your varicose veins surgery. Say goodbye to discomfort and hello to personalized care.
Book an appointment now.