What is a Stroke Management?
A stroke is a critical and potentially life-threatening medical condition which occurs when the blood flow to a specific brain area is interrupted or blocked. Strokes require immediate medical attention as they constitute a medical emergency. Timely treatment is crucial as it can significantly minimize the extent of damage caused by a stroke and lower the likelihood of severe consequences.
Symptoms of Stroke
If you suspect that you or someone you are with may be experiencing a stroke, paying close attention to when the symptoms first appeared is crucial.
The signs and symptoms of a stroke include:
- Difficulty speaking and understanding: Confusion, slurred speech, or trouble comprehending what others are saying
- Facial drooping, arm weakness, or leg weakness: Sudden numbness, weakness, or paralysis affecting the face, arm, or leg, typically on one side of the body. Additionally, one side of the mouth may droop when attempting to smile
- Vision problems: Sudden blurred or darkened vision in one or both eyes or experiencing double vision
- Headache: An abrupt and severe headache, accompanied by symptoms like vomiting, dizziness, or altered consciousness, may indicate a stroke
- The trouble with coordination and balance: Stumbling, loss of balance, sudden dizziness, or a lack of coordination
If you observe these symptoms in yourself or someone else, it is essential to seek immediate medical attention. Remember, time is of the essence in managing a stroke, and prompt medical intervention can significantly improve the outcome.
When to see the doctor:
If you notice any signs or symptoms of a stroke, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention, even if the symptoms appear intermittent or have disappeared altogether. Remember the acronym "FAST" and take the following steps:
Face: Ask the person to smile. Does one side of their face droop?
Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward or are they unable to raise one arm?
Speech: Ask the person to repeat a simple phrase. Is their speech slurred or unusual?
Time: Call Apex Helpline at 9829030011 immediately to seek medical assistance if you observe any of those signs and symptoms.
Do not wait to see if the symptoms resolve on their own. At Apex Hospitals, we provide emergency care for strokes, ensuring prompt treatment and potentially saving lives. If you are with someone you suspect is having a stroke, carefully monitor them while waiting for emergency help. Trust Apex Hospitals to be there when it matters most.
Management of Stroke
The management of stroke follows a team-based approach, beginning with the involvement of emergency medical services and continuing at the hospital. Apex Hospitals has a Stroke System of Care capable of delivering Acute Stroke Care in the emergency department and a dedicated Stroke Unit. The primary objective during the acute phase of stroke management is to stabilize the patient and promptly conduct initial evaluations and assessments, including imaging and laboratory studies. Time is of the essence in making critical decisions regarding intubation, blood pressure control, and the consideration of thrombolytic intervention.
The emergency treatment for stroke varies depending on whether it is an ischemic stroke or a haemorrhagic stroke involving bleeding into the brain.
In the case of an ischemic stroke, where a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain, the primary goal is to restore blood flow as quickly as possible. Treatment options may include:
- Intravenous thrombolysis (IV tPA): A clot-dissolving medication given through an intravenous line to break up the clot and restore blood flow.
- Mechanical thrombectomy: A procedure in which a catheter is used to physically remove the clot from the blocked blood vessel.
For a haemorrhagic stroke involving bleeding in the brain, the immediate focus is on controlling the bleeding and reducing pressure in the skull. Treatment options may include:
- Surgical intervention: If the bleeding is severe or caused by a ruptured aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation (AVM), surgery may be necessary to stop and repair the blood vessel.
- Medications and supportive care: Medications may be administered to manage blood pressure, minimize swelling, and prevent seizures. Close monitoring in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting is often required.
Other care you will receive at Apex Hospitals
Along with addressing the underlying cause of the stroke, your healthcare team at Apex Hospitals may recommend additional treatments and tests to support your recovery and prevent complications:
- Breathing support: If the stroke affects your ability to breathe or your oxygen levels are low, you may receive assistance through a ventilator to help with breathing.
- Compression therapy: To reduce the risk of developing venous thromboembolism (blood clots), a sleeve can be placed on your leg and filled with air to promote blood flow.
- Feeding tube: If swallowing becomes challenging, a feeding tube may be inserted to provide necessary nutrition and ensure you receive proper nourishment.
- Fluids: If you have low blood pressure or blood volume, intravenous fluids may be administered to restore appropriate levels.
- Fever reduction: Elevated body temperature can worsen brain damage, so your team will monitor your temperature and may administer medications like acetaminophen to reduce fever and protect your brain.
- Rehabilitation plan: Before leaving the hospital, your medical team will assess your speech, swallowing, and mobility abilities. Based on the results, they will collaborate with you to develop a personalized rehabilitation plan to aid your recovery.
These additional treatments and supportive measures are designed to address specific challenges and promote your overall well-being during the recovery process after a stroke.
When it comes to stroke management, you need a team of specialists who understand the complexities and nuances of this condition. At Apex Hospitals, our dedicated team will oversee your care from start to finish, ensuring you receive the expert treatment and support you deserve. Trust us to provide comprehensive stroke management in Jaipur.
Book an appointment now.