What is Laparoscopy?
Laparoscopy, also called keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery, is a surgical technique that enables a surgeon to access the abdominal and pelvic regions without the need for large incisions in the skin. It involves using specialized instruments and a laparoscope, a thin tube with a camera and a light source, allowing the surgeon to visualize and operate internally precisely. This approach offers several advantages over traditional open surgery, including reduced scarring, shorter recovery times, and decreased post-operative discomfort.
When laparoscopic surgery is used?
Laparoscopy serves multiple purposes, including diagnosis and surgical intervention for various abdominal and pelvis conditions. It can aid in identifying and evaluating different health issues and performing surgical procedures such as organ removal or tissue biopsy for further analysis.
The application of laparoscopy is particularly prevalent in the following fields:
- Gynaecology: Laparoscopy plays a crucial role in diagnosing and treating conditions related to the female reproductive system.
- Gastroenterology: Laparoscopy is utilized to investigate and manage disorders that affect the digestive system.
- Urology: Laparoscopy examines and treats conditions impacting the urinary system.
In these areas of medicine, laparoscopy has proven to be a valuable tool, providing minimally invasive access to the abdominal and pelvic regions for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
How is laparoscopic surgery done?
Laparoscopy is performed under general anaesthesia, ensuring you will not experience any pain or discomfort throughout the procedure. The surgeon creates one or more small incisions in the abdomen during the laparoscopy. These incisions serve as entry points for the laparoscope, small surgical instruments, and a tube to introduce gas into the abdomen. The introduction of gas aids in improving visibility and facilitating surgical skills. Once the laparoscopy is completed, the gas is released from the abdomen, and the incisions are closed with stitches. A dressing may be applied to the incision sites.
In many cases, it is possible to be discharged on the same day of the laparoscopy. However, depending on the specific circumstances, you may be required to stay overnight for observation and post-operative care.
How safe is laparoscopic surgery?
Laparoscopy is a frequently conducted procedure, and serious complications are uncommon.
Minor complications following laparoscopy are relatively infrequent, affecting approximately 1 to 2 out of every 100 cases. These complications may include:
- Minor bleeding and bruising around the incision
- Nausea and vomiting
It is important to note that most laparoscopic procedures are successful and result in minimal complications. However, if you experience any concerning symptoms or have questions following the surgery, it is advisable to consult your healthcare provider at Apex Hospitals for appropriate guidance and support.
Serious complications following laparoscopy are estimated to occur in approximately 1 out of every 1,000 cases. These complications may include:
- Organ damage
- Major artery damage
- Complications related to carbon dioxide use
- Severe allergic reaction to general anaesthesia
- Blood clot formation: In rare cases, a blood clot (deep vein thrombosis or DVT) may develop in a vein, typically in the leg. If the clot dislodges and travels to the lungs, it can block blood flow (pulmonary embolism) and pose a severe risk.
It is crucial to remember that serious complications are rare, and laparoscopy is generally a safe procedure. However, discussing your concerns or questions with your healthcare provider before surgery at Apex Hospitals is essential.
Don't let surgery hinder your life. Choose Apex Hospitals for state-of-the-art laparoscopic care that minimizes scarring, reduces pain, and promotes faster recovery. Trust our expert surgeons to provide the best possible outcomes and get back to doing what you love sooner.