Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Treatments


What is behavioural therapy?

    Behavioural therapy is an umbrella term for therapy that treats mental health disorders. It is predicated on the notion that all behaviours are learned and changeable.

    This treatment seeks to identify unhealthy or potentially self-destructive behaviours and offers assistance in changing them. Treatment plans frequently centre on present issues and their potential solutions.

    Many different diseases can benefit from behavioural therapy.

    The most prevalent conditions for which people seek behavioural therapy are:

  • depression
  • anxiety
  • panic attacks
  • disorders characterized by intense anger, such as intermittent explosive disorder

    It can also aid in the treatment of illnesses and ailments like:

  • eating disorders
  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • bipolar disorder
  • ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)
  • phobias, such as social phobia
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Self-destructive habits, such as cutting
  • substance-abuse disorders

    Both adults and children can benefit from this kind of therapy.

Types of Behavioural Therapy

    Behavioural therapy is available in different types.

  • Applied behaviour analysis employs operant conditioning to modify and influence problem behaviours.
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): CBT relies on behavioural techniques but adds a mental component, concentrating on the problematic thoughts underlying problematic behaviours.
  • Cognitive behavioural play therapy: Play is a valuable tool in cognitive behavioural play therapy for diagnosing, treating, and preventing psychosocial issues. The therapist may teach a youngster new ways to think and behave through play.
  • Dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT): As a type of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), this teaches clients how to manage their emotions better, deal with stress, and build interpersonal connections
  • Exposure therapy: Behavioural strategies are used in exposure therapy to assist patients in overcoming their anxieties about things or situations. Incorporating relaxation techniques with exposure to the source of one's worries is part of this approach. It helps with certain anxiety disorders and specific phobias.
  • Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT): Rational emotive behaviour therapy, or REBT, aims to recognize harmful or unpleasant ideas and emotions. After that, people actively contest and swap those ideas out for more sensible, grounded ideas.
  • Social learning theory: The core of social learning theory is how people pick up knowledge through observation. Learning and behaviour modification can result from witnessing others receive rewards or punishments for their deeds.

Is behaviour therapy effective?

    Behavioural therapy has been used effectively to treat a variety of conditions. It is regarded as highly efficacious.

    Approximately 75% of individuals who undergo cognitive behavioural therapy experience some benefit.

    Behavioural therapy is most effective for treating:

  • Anxiety conditions
  • general stress
  • bulimia
  • anger-related disorders
  • Somatoform disorders, such as somatic symptom disorder, are characterized by physiological symptoms without an underlying physical cause.
  • depressive disorder
  • Substance abuse problems

    Play therapy has been shown to be highly effective for children ages 3 to 12. However, this therapy is increasingly utilized by individuals of all ages.

    Behavioural therapy for children

    For children, both applied behavioural therapy and play therapy are utilized. Treatment entails instructing children on various techniques for responding more positively to situations.

    Rewarding adaptive behaviours that benefit a child's functioning and discouraging maladaptive behaviours, or those that impede a child's optimal functioning, are central components of this therapy. This therapy frequently necessitates the participation of multiple adults in the child's environment, including parents, teachers, and other significant figures.

    It may take time for children to develop trust in their counsellor. This is expected.

    A child may eventually be able to completely express themselves if given sufficient time, patience, and attention to building trust. This is also heavily dependent on the child's maturity.

    Autistic children with ADHD often benefit from behavioural therapy.

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