Bariatric surgery is a collective term used for a wide variety of weight loss procedures that are adopted to make certain changes in the patient’s digestive system to accelerate the process of weight loss. This reduces the food intake ability of the individual and can cause malabsorption of nutrients. All the surgeries have their benefits and risks. The surgical procedure is viewed as the last and final option and it is recommended to patients when exercise, workout, and diet plans are not able to deliver the desired outcomes. Further, patients who are suffering from some serious health issues being obese.
Most of the bariatric procedures are performed laparoscopically which requires a small incision under general anesthesia. The surgeon inserts the camera using thin tools and a scope that is attached to the camera. Thus, images of the inside can be easily viewed on the monitor. This is a comparatively better approach as compared to open surgery as it involves less risk, pain, and scarring. The recovery phase is also faster in laparoscopy procedures. Open surgery is suggested to patients who are suffering from high obesity, other medical complications, or had stomach surgery earlier.
Body Mass Index (BMI) is an effective way to check whether an individual is a right candidate for weight loss surgery or not. Individuals with a BMI of 35 or greater suffering from obesity cannot be treated with diet and exercise alone, thus, weight-loss surgery is recommended to such people. Moreover, obese patients who are not able to get desired outcomes with lifestyle changes and medication and are having a BMI between 30-35 are also suitable for the surgery.